Learn how to stencil on wood without bleeding or other imperfections; I’m sharing my best tips and tricks for getting perfect stencil lines every time.I’m a big fan of stenciling. It’s one of the quickest ways to create beautiful signs and designs even if you aren’t artistic or don’t have great handwriting. In fact when I used to sell wood signs on Etsy, I made stencils of all my designs so I could speed up the sign-making process.
But even though stencils are a great, fast way to create gorgeous signs and other projects, there are a few tricks you really need to know to get perfect stencil lines. Because nothing ruins a project faster than pulling back your stencil expecting to see a gorgeous design and finding a smeary, blobby mess instead!
And if you’re a perfectionist like me, stenciling unpainted wood is even more nerve-wracking than stenciling other surfaces. When stenciling an unpainted surface, it’s a lot harder to fix stenciling mishaps since you can’t just paint over any mistakes you might make.
Over the years I have stenciled a lot of things – floors, furniture, signs, and more – and I’ve learned what really works when it comes to stenciling wood so you can get those perfect stencil lines every time.
I’ve got a step-by-step tutorial for you below as well as a full video tutorial for those who prefer video.
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Materials for stenciling on wood
A wood surface to stencil – this can be painted wood, stained wood, or unfinished wood
Mod Podge (optional)
How to Stencil on Wood
Choosing a wood surface
You can use this method to stencil anything wood, from furniture to wood planks to custom signs. For this project, I’m stenciling the back of an old wooden cutting board I found at a thrift store a few months ago for super cheap. It has a great patina and I think it will make a really cute little sign.
When choosing your wood surface, remember it is much easier to stencil a smooth wood surface rather than a highly textured one. When there is a lot of texture under the stencil, that means lots of little grooves for paint to seep into.
If your surface is rough, you can sand it smooth before beginning. If you would rather stencil a more rustic board, you can still get clean lines, but it will definitely be trickier.
Repositionable spray adhesive
Before putting your stencil in place, spray the back with repositionable adhesive. The adhesive will keep your stencil firmly in place and will also help keep any small details of the stencil design adhered to the wood surface while you painting.
Be careful when spraying the adhesive because it will make a sticky mess of everything around. I usually spray it over an old piece of posterboard or wrapping paper to catch any overspray.
You can also use a few pieces of painter’s tape to keep your stencil in place instead, but spray adhesive will make sure the entire surface is held in place rather than just the few small areas where the tape is.
(If you are using a one-time-use vinyl stencil with an adhesive back, you won’t need any other glue or tape.)
Put your stencil in place, smoothing it firmly onto the wood surface. Make sure your design is centered exactly where you want it and straight.
What to use instead of a paintbrush
Now you’re ready to start painting! My number one tip for perfect stenciling is to not use a paintbrush. Not even a ‘stencil brush’. It is very hard to get clean lines with paint brushes. A foam brush is slightly better than a regular bristled brush, but there is actually something that works even better for stenciling.
A makeup wedge sponge. It might sound strange, but those inexpensive little makeup applicator sponges are perfect for stenciling.
As far as paint, almost any paint will work, but paints with a flatter sheen are usually recommended. My favorite paints for stenciling signs are inexpensive acrylic craft paints. They work well, are inexpensive, and come in hundreds of great colors.
Once you’ve sprayed your stencil with adhesive and you are ready to stencil, pour a small amount of paint onto an artist’s palette or a paper plate. Dab the end of your makeup sponge into the paint and then gently blot any excess paint off onto the paper plate or some paper towels.
You want the sponge to be damp with paint but not thickly covered. Instead you want a very thin layer of paint on your sponge. Excess paint will squish under the stencil and cause messy blobs.
Lightly dab the sponge onto the stenciled design, using an up and down motion. You don’t want to slide it back and forth like you would with a paint brush, because again, paint squishing and blobs.
If you are painting a very light color like white onto a dark background, you will probably need to do two coats of paint. Allow the first coat of paint to dry for a few minutes and then repeat the process.
Then you can carefully pull the stencil off the wood.
The Mod Podge Trick
I have always had great success using the above method. But if you are still struggling, there is another trick you can try.
After putting your stencil in place but before stenciling, you can paint a thin layer of Mod Podge over the stencil. The Mod Podge will create a seal around the edges of the stencil so that no paint can seep under the stencil. Just be sure to use the Mod Podge sheen that most closely matches your wood – either matter, satin, or gloss finish.
This trick can be especially helpful if you are stenciling on rougher, more rustic wood or if your stencil design is especially intricate.
How to get the Hand-painted Look
If you would prefer your stenciled sign without stencil marks for more of a hand-painted look, there’s an easy way to clear up all of those little stencil marks.
Just dip a toothpick in your paint and carefully fill in each of the gaps. The toothpick is much easier to control than a paintbrush and holds just enough paint.
And if despite your best efforts, the stenciling isn’t perfect in a few spots, you can also use your toothpick paintbrush to carefully clean up any messy stencil lines.
And once you’re finished stenciling, I’ve got a super helpful post about the easiest way to clean paint and spray adhesive from stencils.
Video Tutorial: How to Stencil on Wood
Here’s the full video tutorial for those who would rather watch than read. :)
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- Wood surface
- Repositionable spray adhesive
- Paper plate
- Makeup wedges
- Toothpicks (optional)
- Mod Podge (optional)
- Spray the back of the stencil with repositionable adhesive.
- Put your stencil in place, smoothing it firmly onto the wood surface.
- Pour a small amount of paint onto a paper plate.
- Dab the end of your makeup sponge into the paint then gently blot any excess paint off.
- Lightly dab the sponge onto the stencil with an up and down motion.
- Allow the first coat of paint to dry for a few minutes and then repeat the process.
- Carefully pull the stencil off the wood.
- Dip a toothpick in your paint and carefully fill in any gaps in the lettering.
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Swisspers Premium Pro Cosmetic Wedges, Latex-Free Makeup Wedge, Jumbo Size, 16 Count Bag
Aleene's Repositionable Tacky Spray, 10-Ounce
Home Sweet Home, Grateful, Welcome Stencil Set - Word Stencils for Painting on Wood + More – Set of 3 Reusable Script Stencils – Sign Stencils Make Modern DIY Signs + DIY Wall Decor - Phrase Stencils
Mod Podge CS11305 Waterbase Sealer, Glue & Decoupage Finish, 4 oz, Matte
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